While Italy and Greece are the main first-arrival/entry countries (European Commission, 2019), France and Germany are the primary destination countries for secondary movements. The Franco-Italian border of Ventimiglia is therefore highly relevant for studying secondary movements and their cross-border management, as well as clashes arising between different Member States involved in their control.    

In this core area, we can witness the struggle between the ‘geographical principle’ underlying the current Dublin system, which establishes the range of the legitimate movement for different subjects (Palmas, Rahola, 2018), and the autonomous actions of migrants who in practice draw a wholly alternative geography (Ward, Watson, 2017; Tazzioli 2017).


Palmas, L. Q., & Rahola, F. (2018). Il guinzaglio e lo strappo. Mondi Migranti, (3), pp. 29-37.

Tazzioli, M. (2017). The government of migrant mobs: Temporary divisible multiplicities in border zones, European Journal of Social Theory, XX(2017), 4, pp. 473–490.

Ward, P., & Watson J. (2017). An Introduction from the Editors, Unpacking the ‘refugees’ crisis’. Political Power and Social Theory. https://www.politicalpowerandsocialtheory.com/the-refugee-crisis.