The processes of marginalisation and expulsion (Sassen, 2014) of migrants from the urban centre of Ventimiglia have been implemented over time (2015-2019) through the concurrent action of different devices, in particular:

1. The dismantling of informal camps [Informal settlements];

2. The construction of the Prefectural Camp run by the Red Cross outside the city [The Roja Camp];

3. The use of forced mobility to hotspots in order to “decompress” the border city [Decompression strategy];

4. The criminalisation of solidarity networks and the related expulsion of a large number of activists [Support network].

Sassen, S. (2014). Expulsions. Belknap:Harvard University Press.