The inclusion of the disciplines of asylum, immigration, and citizenship within a matter of public order clarifies the logic behind the main provisions on the issue. Among the most significant novel points are:
a) an increase in the duration of administrative detentions of foreigners;
b) the use of the SPRAR (previously the System of protection for refugees, but also for asylum seekers) exclusively in favour of holders of international protection and unaccompanied minors [see the map of the SPRAR];
c) the abolition of the residence permit granted on humanitarian grounds which, before the new norm, was granted – with a growing trend – to around 25% of the total number of asylum applications (2017);
d) the increase in repatriation funds.
The Security Package also hinders the issuing of Italian citizenship and, for the first time, it states the general principle that “acquired” citizenship can be revoked in particular circumstances and that individuals determined to have committed a crime must be expelled from Italy. As soon as the new decree was presented to the Italian Parliament, three opposition parties submitted a preliminary query on the grounds of unconstitutionality. In particular, they contested the use of the legislative tool of the “Decree” which, in line with art. 72-73 of the Italian Constitution, can only be adopted in cases of urgent necessity, and therefore cannot address a structural issue like the one in question. Furthermore, the increasing rate of detention as part of the administrative procedures, and the withdrawal of citizenship, create unreasonable discrimination between citizens and openly violate the equality principle (set out in Article 3). For its part, the Government upholds the urgent and safety reasons behind the Decree as well as the necessity to approve the measure because of the ambiguity of former legislation. Outside Parliament, civil society (first among which, the National Asylum Table), as well as various institutions (e.g. Municipalities), have already raised numerous concerns about the “Security Package”.